How To Grow Green Peppers In Pots: 10 Easy Steps

Planting green peppers in pots is a good way to have fresh peppers added to your daily meals. They are quite easy to grow, but there are some important things to keep in mind, typically if you are a beginning gardener. So in this article, I have covered the entire process of how to grow green peppers in pots. Follow it to grow a fresh pepper garden at home. 

How to Grow Green Peppers in Pots

In this part, I will give you easy and practical steps on how to grow green peppers in pots or containers at home. I also cover details in each step so that you can understand and apply them to your garden.

  1. Prepare pepper seeds and other supplies

It’s always best to get all the necessary things on the first day before growing green peppers in pots. You will need to buy pepper seeds, containers or pots, soil, fertilizer, and stakes. If you already have any of these at home, that’s great. 

  1. Sow pepper seeds indoors

You can completely sow your pepper seeds indoors. Just make sure to keep it moist and warm so the seeds can start to germinate. 

  1. Provide seeds light when it germinates

When growing green peppers indoors, you can use LED lights. However, you can take advantage of sunlight if you want to turn the lights off.

  1. Start fertilizing

You can add fertilizer to help your young pepper plants to grow faster. Green peppers can handle the full force after around 3 or 4 weeks of growth. Here are some suggested fertilizers you can use. 

  1. Transplant peppers into larger containers after 2-3 weeks
  2. Pluck early flower buds

When green peppers grow, they can start to flower while still being indoors. It’s better to trim early flowers until you put your peppers outdoors in their final growing position for 2-3 weeks. 

  1. Harden the pepper plants

Once the danger of frost is gone, and nocturnal temperatures are always above 55°F, you can start placing your green pepper plants outdoors. Just be sure to gradually adjust them to external factors starting 2-4 weeks before moving them out permanently.

  1. Water regularly 

Green peppers love to be watered evenly but never over-watered! Keep your peppers always moist, but never soak them. More importantly, always let the water drain away from the roots.

  1. Adjust nutrients when plants start producing peppers

When your green peppers start to bear fruit, they don’t need as many nutrients as initially to produce more peppers. So, you should adjust the number of nutrients for a fruitful crop. 

  1. Harvest peppers when they are ripe

You can harvest green peppers when they reach their mature size and ripen. Even when they are still green, you can pick them. 

6 Green Pepper Plant Care Tips

How to grow green peppers in pots and care for them
How to care for green peppers. Image: Unsplash

Gardening tips are always necessary for beginning gardeners. To properly care for your green bell pepper plants, you should follow these tips:

  1. Mulch well. This is because mulch can absorb the sunlight and keep the topsoil of your pepper pots warm. 
  2. Water thoroughly. While green bell peppers love warm weather, they won’t thrive in extreme heat, so gardeners in more heat-prone climates should water around twice a day if necessary.
  3. Provide peppers with sunlight. Green bell peppers require quite many sunlights to grow and ripen in an appropriate way. So, place your pepper pots in a sunny place.
  4. Use appropriate fertilizers. Fertilize with a low-nitrogen compound to help your green bell peppers grow without affecting fruit production.
  5. Pest inspection. Aphids and fleas are the two most popular garden pests that love green peppers. You can use organic pesticides to care for your pepper plants.

6. Consider companion plants. You can grow your green bell peppers with cucumbers, corn, and carrots, but they will not thrive near plants in the cabbage family or fennel.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about how to grow green peppers in pots.

How often should I water my green pepper plants in pots?

You can water the green pepper plants in pots at least one time per day when the temperature is above 18 °C or 65 °F. But when the temperature is above 80 °F, you should water them at least two times per day. 

Do green peppers grow well in containers or pots?

Yes, they do. And you can grow green peppers in any type of pot as long as it is wide enough and drains well. If your pots don’t have holes, you can drill some. Also, don’t forget to cover those drainage holes with a mesh to keep the soil clean and prevent pests.

How many peppers can I put in a 5-gallon pot?

Usually, you can grow one pepper plant in a 5-gallon bucket. However, if you have larger containers, you can completely grow 2-3 plants per pot, depending on the size of the bucket. Besides, it depends on different varieties of peppers since some are bigger in size than others.

How much space does a green pepper plant need?

Almost all varieties of pepper plants should be put 12-18 inches (30-46 cm) apart. Larger types can have a bit more space, but they usually don’t need space more than 18 inches.

How long does it take for green peppers to grow?

You can harvest almost all varieties of green peppers between 60 to 90 days after transplanting them outdoors.

How long does it take for green peppers to grow from seeds?

This all depends on the different types of pepper seeds. In general, green peppers need between 4 and 5 months to be ready to harvest if they are grown from seeds. Some varieties can take quicker or even longer.

Do I have to dry pepper seeds before planting?

It is not required to dry pepper before planting. In fact, peppers can be stored for 2 to 5 years, and when stored, they should be kept dry. However, you do not need to dry them to germinate immediately.


So there you go! I hope this guideline on how to grow green peppers in pots could help you. If you want to know more details about how to grow green peppers from seeds, you can read this article. 

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