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Fish as a cognitive development source

What is the big deal about eating fish? The first thing to consider is what is fish providing you with? Human beings can gain a variety of good fish advantages by including fish in their diet.  To begin, it is packed with a wide range of nutrients, vitamins, proteins, and minerals. Protein is an essential part in the diet of every person. Human beings require high protein intake in order to maintain a healthy and strong immune system. It is very important to take care of the immune system since it has to fight against different bacteria and viruses in order to protect our body. Moreover, proteins also aid in the nourishment of brain which results in the improvement of learning and memorizing capacities.

Other than protein, fish is an excellent source of iodine which is a necessary nutrient in the diet of human beings. Iodine is a very important component of the thyrotrophic hormone which effects the development of human brain. And the deficiency of iodine is the most common and avoidable cause of cognitive illness in the world. The iodine deficiency impacts several structures of the brain which results in illness. One of the most important nutrients, perhaps, that fish brings in the diet of human beings is Omega-3. DHA or docosahexaenoic acid, a well-known omega-3 lipid in fish usually present in salmon or tuna, helps in the development of the brain cells and it is also the major competent of brain cell membranes, and that communication between brain cells is dependent on the integrity of these membranes. These fatty acids are also called the building blocks of human brain. Like iodine, Omega-3 also helps in the improvement of brain memory and development preserving the brain from mental illness.

 It has been widely observed that brain function slightly begins to deteriorate with the passage of time. While it is perfectly understood that individuals begin to forget things with the passage of time as they grow old. However, it may also culminate in severe cognitive illness such as Alzheimer’s. In this disease, the portion of brain that regulates memory and thinking is affected resulting in memory loss of that person. Luckily, eating fish strengthen the grey matter of the brain which is in charge of memory and learning. Actually, there is some experimental data to indicate a connection between fish intake and brain development. There was a research conducted on the MRI brain scans of 270 people in their 60s with normal mental function to check for variations related with fish consumption as indicated by dietary surveys. Subjects who kept fish in their regular diet on a weekly basis had greater grey matter sizes in region of the brain important for memory and cognition resulting in low chances of developing Alzheimer. Fish also helps in keeping the body at its best condition for a longer period of time.

And this is not the only study that demonstrates that eating fish is beneficial to cognitive development; there are a lot of studies that show comparable results. To sum it all up, fish is indeed good source of Omega-3 fatty acid making it a brain food. Other benefits of eating fish include, reducing the ageing of the skin, improving the sleep cycle, improving the eyesight, nourishing the hair and development of bones. The bottom line is that fish is a healthy, tasty, and cheaper way to add proteins and fatty acids such as omega-3 to your diet instead of consuming supplements for them. 

So, how long has it been since you last ate fish?

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How To Plant Onions At Home: Easy Steps for Beginners

Onions are one part of the Allium family. They are considered one of the easiest plants to grow on cold days. In other words, they are a kind of cold season crop. There are many types of onions, from red to yellow onions or sweet onions that can tolerate colder temperatures when growing and developing. But how to plant onions at home? How to care for onions? And what are some common diseases and pests when growing onions? Keep reading to get your answers. 

When to Plant Onions

It is best to grow onions in cool weather. If you live in a cold climate, then you should grow onions while the ground is still alive (when the soil can be leveled), which could be your last spring months. If you live in temperate climates, you can grow onions in late fall, winter tolerant and ready for early spring harvest.

How to Plant Onions at Home

How to plant onions at home
Image: Unsplash

Since planting onions from seed can take longer, it’s better to germinate your onion seeds indoors first. And here are the basic, simple, and practical ways on how to plant onions at home:

Prepare: First, you need to pour moist soil into a planter tray or other suitable pot and dig a trench around half an inch deep for your seedlings. Then, cover softly with soil. Remember to keep the temperature warm, which is around 60 to 70 degrees F.

Transplant: After your onion seedlings start to sprout (within a period of days to weeks), it’s time to transplant them into your garden. Next, you should dig holes about 2 inches deep and 4 to 5 inches apart for your onion transplants, and they should be 12 to 18 inches apart in rows.

Companion plant: Some good plants to grow with your onions are leeks, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, and some types of herbs, such as mint, parsley, etc.

Add mulch: You can spread mulch or other organic matter between your onion rows to help clear weeds and maintain moisture in your soil (you will not need to water onions too frequently).

Besides planting onions from seeds, you can completely plant them using onion sets. They are small onions that can be grown and thrived well into large bulbs after several months. If you want to plant onion sets, you can bury them an inch in the ground in your vegetable garden, spaced two to six inches apart. Make sure that you do not compact the soil around your onions; just cover it lightly.

How To Care For Onions

After you know how to plant onions at home, either from seeds or onion sets, it’s very important to learn how to care for onions so that you can keep your plants healthy. 

Light

It is basically for onions that the more sunlight, the better they grow. This is because onions need at least size hours a day of full sun to thrive in the right way. 

Soil

When planting onions, you need to keep the soil well-drained. But it also needs a lot of degradable organic matter in it. It’s best to grow your onions in soil with a pH between a little bit acidic to neutral – 6.0 to 7.0.

Temperature and Humidity

Ideal conditions for onions to grow well are 68 to 77 degrees F, which will result in fast and full growth of the edible onion bulbs.

Water

To support the swelling of onion bulbs, you should water your onions regularly. Let’s say one inch of water a day is enough. Make sure that you don’t overwater them or let the bulbs sit in waterlogged soil. This way, your onion bulbs will rot. 

Fertilizer

It’s recommended to fertilize onions every several weeks with a high-nitrogen fertilizer. By doing this, you can help the leaves to grow faster, and bulbs will develop larger. Stop feeding when your onions start to push the soil away.

When to Harvest Onions

Late summer is considered the ideal time to harvest onions. In fact, onions can grow relatively well in colder conditions, but as they mature, they are more susceptible to spoilage. The tops of onions will turn yellow and start to fall over as they reach the end of ripening.

How to Harvest Onions

When you are harvesting your onions, look for brown onions that poke their heads through the soil – you can pull these directly out of the ground. It’s best to keep your onions in a cool, dry place. Onions with flower stalks are ripe onions, and need to be plucked and used right away.

Common Pests and Diseases in Onions

It’s not about learning how to plant onions, but you also need to know some common pests and diseases in onions to keep your onions healthy and grow well. 

Rot: Your onions can get neck, bulb, or stem rot when grown in wet soil. You can avoid this by ensuring there is well-draining soil and good air circulation. 

Splitting: Your onion bulbs can split or double if you leave the soil dry while the bulbs are forming.

Thrips: Curling and twisting in your onions can be caused by small, yellow-brown flying insects. They also feed your onion leaves. In this situation, you can grow resistant varieties to avoid this. Besides, don’t plant your onions near cereal crops. You can also use insecticidal soaps or neem to control these insects, but keep in mind that’s just the temporary solution. 

Onion root maggots: This is mainly caused by the larvae hatch from eggs that are laid by brown flies near the base of onions. Maggots will burrow into onion trunks, eat the plants below ground, and ultimately kill your onions. You can avoid this disease by rotating onion plants annually. To prevent eggs from being laid, you can cover your new onion seedlings. Another effective way is to use diatomaceous earth.

Conclusion 

So, that’s how to plant onions at home, both from seeds and onion sets, and all other necessary information to care for onions, and keep them away from common diseases and pets. If you are still confused about anything related to planting onions, just leave your questions in the comment box, and I’ll answer them as soon as possible.

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20 Easy Indoor Plants To Grow For Added Vitality

If you’ve been looking to add a little color and vibrant life to your living space, then you’ve come to the right place. Houseplants are usually simple to grow and care for. They are also colorful, pretty, and even considered great at helping decrease stress. So, in this article, I will give you 20 easy indoor plants to grow so that you can choose suitable low-maintenance indoor plants to keep alive in your area.

1. Aloe vera

Aloe vera is one of the most easy indoor plants to grow
Image: Unsplash

Aloe vera is considered one of the easiest indoor plants to keep alive. It is a type of succulent plant, has distinctively elongated, vase-shaped leaves that extend from the central base. For beginners, you can try smaller varieties and put them in a sunny space in your house, such as the kitchen window. In fact, Aloe can live well in dish gardens and at room temperatures. They even look more beautiful with Southwest decor. 

Size: Up to 3 feet wide and 3 feet high 

Growing conditions: Reasonably dry soil, bright light; 65 – 75°F

2. Anthurium

Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum, also called flamingos) usually have bright colors for around eight weeks or more per year. Flowers are usually red, but you can also find hybrids in pink, white, lavender, and even green. Anthuriums are great cut flowers because they stay fresh for a long period. However, their beautiful and heart-shaped leaves might have toxic sap, so make sure you put them away from the reach of your kids and pets.

Size: Up to 2 feet wide and 2 – 3 feet high

Growing conditions: Evenly humid soil (wet only in fall and winter), medium to bright light; indirect sunlight; 65 – 80°F

3. Arrowhead vine

Arrowhead vine is one of the great indoor plants for beginners with flush foliage. Their leaves have a characteristic dark green color marked with white along their veins. They can thrive even in low-light conditions. You can use small plants in mixed pots and with other leafy garden plants on the countertop. Besides, you can train your arrowhead vines to stand upright using moss stakes. Another interesting fact is that these houseplants can grow well in artificial light.

Size: Up to 6 – 36 inches wide and 6 – 36 inches high

Growing conditions: Evenly humid soil, low to medium light; 60 – 75°F

4. Asparagus fern

Asparagus fern is one of easy indoor plants to grow
Image: Unsplash

The stems of the asparagus fern (also known as asparagus densiflorus) usually point upward and outward, making it a great hanging basket plant. First, their flowers are small and white, then they will turn into bright red berries. But these can be toxic, so keep them away from your pets and kids. 

Size: Up to 12 – 36 inches wide and 18 – 36 inches high

Growing conditions: Evenly moist soil, medium to bright light; 60 – 75°F

5. Cast-iron plant

Living up to their name, cast-iron plants are nearly indestructible, tolerant of neglect, low light, low moisture, and lots of heat, making them ideal for growing in dark corners. It’s better to start with large plants because they grow slowly.

Size: Up to 1-2 feet wide and 1-2 feet high 

Growing conditions: Evenly moist soil (humid only in fall and winter), low light; 45 – 85°F

6. Chinese evergreen

For those who don’t know, Chinese evergreen (also known as aglaonema commutatum) can live up to 10 years or more. Its distinguishing features: the leaves are arc-shaped, lanceolate, often variegated with silver, gray or green hues. Place a small plant on your living room table or group larger plants with other low-light plants.

Size: Up to 1 – 3 feet wide and 1 – 3 feet high

Growing conditions: Evenly humid soil, low to medium light; 60 – 75°F

7. Christmas cactus

Christmas cactus is one of many easy indoor plants to grow. They usually have a gracefully curved shape, with long segmented stems and inflorescences that are mauve, dark pink, salmon, white, or orange-red. The plant often flowers from mid to late December. Once their blooming is finished, you can prune them by pinching to cut off some segments. By doing this, you encourage them to branch, creating fuller plants with more flowers.

Size: Up to 6 – 18 inches wide and 8 – 12 inches high

Growing conditions: Reasonably dry, well-drained soil, bright light; 70 – 80°F (55°F in the fall season)

8. Dieffenbachia

Dieffenbachia is another one of various easy indoor plants to grow. They usually have curved, pointed leaves, up to 12 inches long. In addition, they are often marbled with cream or white, and grow from a stalk resembling a sugar cane. The large leaves of these plants highlight the tropical architecture. Besides, they can combine well into a mixed group of leaves. One of the common names for these plants is dumb cane, which comes from a poisonous resin in the stems and leaves that triggers tongue numbness and swelling when people or pets chew.

Size: Up to 1 – 3 feet wide and 1 – 6 feet high

Growing conditions: Evenly damp soil, low to medium light; 65 – 80°F

9. Dracaena

Dracaena is one of many easy indoor plants to grow in the group of common foliage plants. They often have long, stringy leaves that alternate with cream, white, or red. You can start with saplings on the countertop. You will need to provide enough floor space if you want to grow larger plants. Besides, it’s better to keep your plants under 6 feet tall by cutting off the top of them. Within a few weeks, a new pair of buds should appear just below the cut.

Size: Up to  1 – 3 feet wide and 1 – 10 feet high

Growing conditions: Moderately moist soil, medium to bright light; 65 – 75°F

10. English ivy

The elegant look of this versatile foliage plant is perfect for hanging baskets or containers or pots. It is one of the best and easiest indoor plants for beginners to train plant forms or use as a groundcover underneath larger indoor plants. Put English ivy (or Hedera helix) on a stand so that the stem can droop. The stems can grow slightly long but you can easily control them by pruning.

Size: Up to  6 – 72 inches wide and 6 – 12 inches high, trailing

Growing conditions: Average to high moisture; evenly humid soil, medium to bright light; 55 – 70°F

11. Ficus

The glossy green leaves extend from an upright woody plant in the form of a monocotyledon or shrub. Depending on its size, you can grow Ficus (Ficus spp.) as a tabletop or floor plant. Just remember to place your ficus where it won’t have to move all winter, as it doesn’t like changing environmental conditions.

Size: Up to 1 – 10 feet wide and 1 – 12 feet high 

Growing conditions: Moderately moist soil, medium to bright light; 65 – 75°F

12. Hoya

Hoya is one of many easy indoor plants to grow with fast-growing ability. It often has both glossy foliage and white or pink flowers with red centers. The flowers have a sweet fragrance, also known as wax flowers. You can put these plants in hanging baskets or train them to grow upside down into a trellis. To make a wreath, you can try to wrap their long vines around a form. The small leaves can be trained into seedlings. One of the easiest plants to keep alive in Hoya gran is Hoya carnosa.

Size: Up to 48 inches wide and 6 – 12 inches high, trailing

Growing conditions: Moderately dry soil, medium (foliage only) to bright light (for flowers); 55 – 75°

13. Parlor palm

The exquisite, upright parlor palm (Chamaedorea elegans) has been one of the most common and easy indoor plants to grow since Victorian times. The thread-like green leaflets on the hairy leaves are 9 to 24 inches long. They are beautiful plants to fill an empty corner and can get lower light than other types of palms. Younger ones will grow nicely in the terrarium at an early age.

Size: Up to 1 – 3 feet wide and 1 – 8 feet high 

Growing conditions: Evenly humid soil, medium to low light; 55 – 75°F

14. Peace lily

Peace lily is a great addition to your living space
Image: Unsplash

Peace lily is another one among various easy houseplants for beginners. They can withstand low moisture and low light. Their leaves are lanceolate, glossy, with domed spines surrounding the central flower spikes. They also give spoon-shaped flowers that usually appear in the summer. However, many varieties bloom intermittently throughout the year. The dark leaves look very attractive in a smooth pot with a glossy surface.

Size: Up to 1 – 5 feet wide and 1 – 6 feet high 

Growing Conditions: Evenly humid soil, low to bright light; 60 – 85°F

15. Peperomia

The most interesting feature of Peperomia is its leaves that are different in shape (from heart-shaped to narrow), texture (from wax to waffle-like) and color (reddish, green, or silver-gray). They can produce slender flowers, which resemble a rat’s tail, from time to time. You can place them on countertops or use them as a garden companion for dishes and mixing baskets. This plant can also withstand the low light of a northern windowsill and is small enough to be placed on a desk or used in a terrarium.

Size: Up to 6 – 12 inches wide and 6 – 12 inches high

Growing conditions: Evenly dry soil, low to medium light; 60 – 75°F

16. Philodendron

Philodendron is one of the easy indoor plants to grow with durable foliages. It has long been the key element of indoor gardening. The common heart-leaf philodendron usually has slender stems with leaves up to 4 inches in length. This plant is very easy to grow, propagate, and adapts well to almost any indoor environment.  You can start with small specimens in the dish garden and mixed baskets. The plant is tolerant to low light. Therefore, it is a great ideal for bookshelves and for covering the sides of a large piece of your furniture. Unfortunately, their leaves can be toxic to humans and pets if ingested in large amounts.

Size: Up to 1 – 6 feet wide and 1 – 10 feet high

Growing conditions: Reasonably dry to evenly humid soil, low to bright light; 60 – 80°F

17. Snake plant

Snake plants are one of great and easy indoor plants to grow
Image: Unsplash

Snake plants are a kind of tough succulent plant that can grow almost anywhere. It can withstand abandonment but yes, responds well to good care. The leaves are sword-shaped, skin-colored, with a white or yellow border. Snake plants are one of many easy houseplants for beginners, but lots of indoor plant growers also love them because of their impressive upright shape. When planted in a bright place, it will produce tall plants with fragrant blue flowers. Dwarf petunia makes a very beautiful ornamental or desktop plant.

Size: Up to 6 – 36 inches wide and 6 – 48 inches high

Growing Conditions: Reasonably dry soil, low to bright light; 60 – 85° 

18. Spider plant

The spider plant (also known as Chlorophytum comosum) looks great in hanging baskets or on pedestals, with its “children” filling the pot. Most spider plants are the genus of ‘Vittatum’, having a white stripe in the middle of each leaf. Although sometimes there are all-green plants. Brown leaf tips, which are popular in spider plants, are caused by contaminated water, often from fluoride, or over-fertilization, low moisture, or dry soil conditions. In this case, you can use scissors to prune damaged leaves. Besides, you can try to use distilled water or rainwater in case your tap water is fluoridated.

Size: Up to 6 – 24 inches wide and 6 – 12 inches high

Growing conditions: Evenly humid soil, medium to bright light; 65 – 75°F

19. Swedish ivy

Despite its name, Swedish ivy (also known as Plectranthus verticillatus), is one of the most popular plants in the plectranthus family. It is native to Australia and South Africa, and is a close relative of mint.

The cascading stems with glossy scalloped leaves make it mainly a leafy plant. Nevertheless, it usually blooms in late spring or early summer with clusters of tiny pale or white flowers on short spikes. Its small drapes make it an ideal option for hanging baskets.

Size: Up to 6 – 36 inches wide and 6 – 18 inches high

Growing conditions: Barely humid soil, medium light; 50 – 65°F

20. Tradescantia

Tradescantias usually have trailing stems that will change direction a little bit at each node, giving them a beautiful zigzag look. You can plant them in mixed and hanging baskets or as a groundcover under bigger houseplants. Their leaves are purple and patchy that need bright light to keep color. The old plants will become thin and shriveled, replacing them with new plants from rooted cuttings.

Size: Up to 12 – 24 inches wide and 4 – 12 inches high, trailing

Growing conditions: Reasonably dry soil, medium to bright light; 55 – 75°F

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How To Take Care Of Succulents Indoors

In general, succulents are not really demanding on light and water. They can grow well indoors with minimum effort. However, if you want your succulents to thrive, you need to remember some important things. And here’s how to care for succulents indoors.

Where To Place Succulent Indoors To Get Enough Sunlight

sunlight is one of the important factors when it comes to how to take care of succulents indoors
Succulents also need light. Image: Unsplash

Besides water, soil, and temperature, sunlight is another essential element for your succulent to grow in indoor conditions. In fact, almost all succulents need at least 3 hours of full light exposure per day. 

It’s ideal for putting your succulents near windows and in a corner where they can get lots of morning light and little afternoon sun. The afternoon sun is not recommended for succulents because it is stronger and more prone to sunburn, typically during hot weather in zones 9-11. Also, monitor your plants to see how they are adapting to their existing position in your house. Usually, sunny South-facing windowsills are best for your indoor succulents.

If your succulents do not get enough sunlight, they tend to stretch out to reach the light source. If you see your succulents grow taller while the leaves are starting to fall, it might be a sign of stretching. They are not growing, but etiolation, and you might need to put them in another place. In addition, they will lose their vibrant color and turn back into green color.

On the other hand, if your succulents receive too much sunlight or harmful rays, you might notice that their leaves begin to dry and wilt. They will turn yellow and look dull. In some cases, you can even see some sunburn scars on their leaves. 

Just remember to rotate your succulents once every several days. This is more important for indoor succulents because light usually comes from only one direction. Thus, rotating your succulents will help distribute sunlight more evenly, keeping your succulents from stretching or growing unbalanced.

How To Take Care Of Succulents Indoors

How to take care of succulents indoors
Image: Unsplash

Succulents adapted to grow well even in severe environments with very water needed. However, they don’t seem to be as easy to grow as some people think. Follow these steps to know how to take care of succulents indoors.

1. Give them breathing room

While there are some types of succulents that thrive indoors, such as kalanchoe, aloe, etc., almost all of them are tolerant of warm, arid climates and depend a lot on good ventilation to breathe. So, make sure you place your succulents in a space that has enough air circulation for them to breathe.

2. Provide them with some shade

Although widely believed, almost all types of succulents do not grow well if blown in the hottest temperatures and exposed to full sun. While they like much light, most varieties of succulents need protection from the sun, typically if the temperature reaches 90 degrees, or if they are still young. Succulents that are pale, solid green, or striped are most at risk of sunburn. And here’s a tip to take care of succulents indoors: If you’re going to grow succulents in the brightest sun place indoors, choose plants that are gray, red, blue, or covered with lots of spines.

3. Start with proper soil

It’s best to use a quick-draining succulent mix. In case you’re the DIY type, modify the traditional potting soil with coarse perlite, pumice, or crushed lava. Ideally, use one part modified and four parts potting mix.

4. Succulents also need water

If you overwater your succulents, you might kill them due to rot. However, you might get the hang of the memo, working hard at dehydrating your succulents and just asking yourself why they’re dying. Well, it might be that they need some water. Succulents prefer water when the soil dries out before being watered. That means you’ll be okay if, during dry-out times, you water the small container about once per week and the large container about twice a week.

5. Provide good drainage

You need to remember that succulent roots don’t like excessive water. So, make sure there is drainage in your pot. Sometimes we make pretty centers in pots with no drainage. But listen – you have to be typically gentle with these parts. And it’s important to follow all the other rules.

6. Succulents also need food

Succulents usually thrive in low-nutrient environments. However, fertilizer is still important when it comes to how to take care of succulents indoors. 

*Pro tip: Feeding your succulents only once a year is enough. You can use any well-balanced organic fertilizer, halve the dose and feed them early in the growing season for best results.

7. Rethink propagation

Although you may be used to plucking the stems of geraniums, houseplants, or rosemary and soaking them in water to see the roots develop, it will not work for succulent propagation. In fact, you can take the exact opposite approach. Once you get your favorite succulents, pluck the branches and dry them in the shade for at least 3 days. This process, also called healing, will help to form calluses and avoid rot. Then put your new stem in the soil mix as said above, and you’re ready to go with new succulents.

8. Beware of frost

Even though some varieties of succulents, including some types of Sempervivum and Sedum, can stand up to freezing temperatures, most types cannot. So, be careful when anticipating cold weather – as succulents are mostly water, their cell walls can break easily, leaving their leaves mushy. If you are not sure about this, just assume that any drop below freezing will cause damage or death to your succulents. The simplest solution to frost protection is to keep your succulents in well-lit containers to move around indoors or under awnings in case of cold weather. Besides, unlike the rest of your garden plants, succulents really have a better chance of survival if they get dry from the cold rather than wet.

Frequently Asked Questions

This part will give you some answers to several frequently asked questions about how to take care of succulents indoors.

How often should I water succulents?

Three times a week

Succulents suck water out of the soil at an incredible rate when they produce new stems, roots, leaves, and blooms. Usually, you can water succulents around three times a week, depending on conditions, such as temperature and light. During cold winter days, succulents hibernate. They will stop growing, so you only need to water them 1 or 2 times for the whole season.

How long can succulents stay alive?

Approx. 3-4 years

The main succulents only live about 3 or 4 years, but produce many branches throughout their lives. You might not even notice the death of the main succulent due to lots of offsets occupying their places.

Why do my succulents keep dying?

Because watering is a common cause of plant rot, you should decide if your succulents have been watered more or less. If the stem is rotting or mushy, it might be waterlogged. In case their leaves are mushy, they might need more water. Don’t worry if you find drying or dying leaves at the base.

Are succulents good for the bedroom?

Yes, succulents are good for your bedroom. They continue to produce oxygen during the night. So, let them in your bedroom to create a more refreshing atmosphere while you sleep, helping you have a better night’s sleep.

Can I grow succulents in small pots?

Small succulents can completely stay in small pots for weeks to months, or even years. When they grow, simply remove it from the pot and repot it in a larger container. If you don’t want to repot the whole succulent, you can prune it to keep it small and take small pieces to propagate and plant elsewhere.

Why do my succulent leaves fall off?

One of the most popular reasons for this is watering problems. Too much water can make succulent leaves swell, become mushy and soft, and finally fall off. For those who don’t know, succulents usually respond to intense drought or heat by shedding their leaves to help maintain energy and water supply.

Conclusion 

So now you know how to take care of succulents indoors. Don’t forget to share with me your experience in growing and taking care of your beautiful succulents in the comment box!

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13 Houseplants With Big Leaves For Lively Home

Are you looking for large leaf houseplants that will create a focal point in your house and home decor? Here are the top 13 houseplants with big leaves that will bring a lot of joy and be a great addition to your home decor collection. 

African Mask Plant (Alocasia amazonica)

Alocasia amazonica is one of the greatest houseplants with big leaves
Image: Unsplash

African mask plants are one of the most striking houseplants with big leaves popular among lots of people. They have large dark green leaves accented by dark white or light green veins. The leaf shapes are usually heart or arrowhead, and the underside of the leaves is often dark purple.

Similar to some houseplants, this plant is also toxic to humans and pets if ingested. Basic information for growing and caring for:

  • Light: Indirect and bright
  • Water: Keep the soil humid but not soggy
  • Soil: Nutrient-rich, well-drained

Banana Tree Plant (Musa)

Although banana tree plants are more popularly grown outdoors, they can also be great houseplants with big leaves when you grow them in a sunny and bright spot. When they grow up, their leaves can be 9 feet in length and 2 feet in width. 

Another huge plus is that this plant is non-toxic for your pets. 

  • Light: Full sunlight
  • Water: Keep soil humid but not soggy
  • Soil: Nutrient-rich, well-drained

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia)

Bird of paradise, also known as the strelitzia, is a type of tropical plant that has become famous for its outstanding flower, which looks like a bird in flight. These houseplants with big leaves usually grow in a forward-facing habit. In other words, their foliages will grow in layers from the central stem.

When mature, the bird of paradise can grow up to 4 feet in width and 7 feet in height. However, be aware that these houseplants are really toxic to your pets. So keep them away from your cats and dogs. Basic information:

  • Light: Bright direct or indirect light
  • Water: Water when the soil is dry out 
  • Soil: Well-drained, humus, and nutrient-rich soil

Calathea orbifolia

Calathea orbifolia is one of great houseplants with big leaves
Image: Unsplash

For those who don’t know, calathea orbifolia is a kind of prayer plant characterized by its big globe-shaped leaves. The good news is that this houseplant is non-toxic to humans and pets.

  • Light: Indirect and bright
  • Water: Keep soil evenly humid
  • Soil: Nutrient-rich, well-drained

Elephant Ear Plant (Calocasia)

Elephant ear plants are popularly planted outdoors. However, they are great for growing indoors too. They have leaves that can grow up to 3 feet in length, depending on different varieties. 

However, you need to keep these houseplants away from your kids and pets since they can be toxic when they eat them. Here is some basic information about light, water, and conditions to grow elephant ear plants:

  • Light: Indirect and bright light
  • Water: Keep the soil humid
  • Soil: Peat-rich and well-drained soil

Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)

Fiddle leaf fig is one of the greatest houseplants with big leaves
Image: Unsplash

Fiddle leaf fig is one of the greatest houseplants with big leaves that makes a splash in any room. They are usually distinguished by big, waxy, and spokes-shaped leaves that can be pruned into different shapes. 

Even though these plants are very popular, they are quite difficult to grow and care for. Nevertheless, they will thrive and their leaves can grow to their full sizes if you care for them properly. 

When planted indoors, their size is often limited due to being potted and carefully pruned. Be aware that their leaves are really toxic to humans and pets if ingested. Basic information to grow: 

  • Light: Bright and indirect light
  • Water: Water when the soil is dry out
  • Soil: Nutrient-rich and well-draining

Majesty Palm (Ravenna rivularis)

Majesty palm is one of the most common and attractive houseplants with big leaves that can reach up to 10 feet in height. However, it grows slightly slow. The great advantage of this plant is that it is safe for humans and pets.

  • Light: Indirect and bright
  • Water: Keep the soil moist but not soggy
  • Soil: Succulent soil mix

Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa is one of the best houseplants with big leaves
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Monstera deliciosa is one of the best houseplants with big leaves and also Instagram favorite plants. It is a large ornamental plant with big vibrant yellow leaves that immediately add a tropical feel to your room. They can grow up to 10 feet in height, with leaves up to 3 to 4 feet in length when you grow them indoors.

Unfortunately, this houseplant is a little bit toxic to humans and pets if ingested. Basic information to grow this plant:

  • Light: Indirect light, from medium to bright
  • Water: Water when the soil is dry out
  • Soil: Well-draining and nutrient-rich

Philodendron Gloriosum

Philodendron gloriosum is a beautiful large-leaved philodendron, characterized by velvety dark green leaves with white veins. This houseplant is slightly rare and you probably won’t find it at your local garden center and you might even need to order it from a collector or online. Philodendron gloriosum is also toxic to pets and humans when ingested.

  • Light: Indirect and bright 
  • Water: Water when the topsoil 1-2 inches is dry out
  • Soil: Nutrient-rich, well-drained

Philodendron Xanadu

Philodendron Xanadu usually comes in large, outstanding, lobed, and leathery leaves. When they grow up, their leaves can reach up to 30 cm in width and 40 cm in length with the number of lobes around 10-15.  

Unfortunately, this houseplant is also toxic to pets and humans when ingested. So, just keeping them out of your pets and kids is okay. The basic information to grow this plant:

  • Light: Indirect light, from medium to bright
  • Water: Water when the soil is dry out
  • Soil: Well-drained

Rubber Tree (Ficus elastica)

Rubber trees are one of the most popular houseplants with big leaves that can be found in a variety of shapes and colors. They usually have large and waxy leaves which can reach up to 50 feet tall when mature. Unfortunately, their shape and size can be a little smaller due to growing indoors. 

They are also a little bit toxic to humans, dogs, and cats when ingested. But you can completely avoid this by putting them away from the reach of your kids and pets. Basic information needed for the growth:

  • Light: Direct light
  • Water: Keep the soil humid
  • Soil: Well-drained 

Ruffled Fan Palm (Licuala grandis)

Ruffle fan palm is one of the unique varieties of palm plants with big and pleated leaves that look like hand fans. This plant is great to grow indoors because it is safe for humans and pets.

  • Light: Indirect, bright to medium
  • Water: Average water
  • Soil: Well-drained

Tropic Snow Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia seguine)

This is one of the biggest varieties of dumb cane, and it can reach up to 10 feet in height when grown indoors. Its large, patchy leaves and ease of care make it one of the most common houseplants with big leaves. Unfortunately, it can be toxic to you and your pets. 

  • Light: Bright to low 
  • Water: Water when the soil is dry out
  • Soil: Well-drained, but not picky about soil.

Conclusion 

So, those are some of the greatest houseplants with big leaves you can try to grow indoors. They are not only beautiful, but also a great addition to your home decor, making you feel better. Just keep in mind that some plants are toxic to you and your pets. So, keep them away from their reach. 

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How To Care For A Prayer Plant Indoors

The prayer plant is one of the most beautiful houseplants you will find among various types of plants native to the tropical forest of Brazil. When your prayer plants are spreading wide and low, it’s ideal to hang them in baskets as decoration indoors. Let’s learn how to care for a prayer plant indoors with these instructions. 

How to care for a prayer plant indoors
How to care for a prayer plant indoors. Image: Unsplash

Prayer Plant Overview

Prayer plants usually have broad, oval, dark green leaves with light green white running along the leaf’s spine. Sometimes, you can see the veins running on the leaves have a red color. For those who don’t know, prayer plants are named for their unique habit of lifting their leaves upright at night. Besides, their leaves often fold together like your hands while praying.

Before delving into how to care for a prayer plant, let’s take a look at the overview of prayer plants.

Common namePrayer plant
Botanical nameMaranta leuconeura
FamilyMarantaceae
Plant type Herbaceous perennial
Native areaCentral America, South America, West Indies
Mature size6–12 in. tall, 6–12 in. wide
LightBright, indirect sun
WaterAverage
Temperature60-85°F
HumidityHigh
SoilMoist but well-drained
FertilizerAverage
PropagationStems or cutting
PestsSpider mites, mealy bugs, aphids
Hardiness zones11, 12 (USDA)
Companion planting Begonia, orchid, monstera, pilea, sansevieria, philodendron, spider plant.
Overview of prayer plant.

How To Care For A Prayer Plant

You can refer to these instructions to understand the process of how to care for a prayer plant. Here you will learn how to water a prayer plant, what light, humidity, and temperature is considered good for prayer plants.

Water & Humidity

To ensure your prayer plants grow well, be aware that they don’t like to dry out. So, always maintain the soil evenly moist, but do not allow the roots to stagnate. When you water your prayer plants, it’s best to use room-temperature water, if not relatively warm.

During the cold days, you should decrease the frequency of watering because the dry and cold weather will make prayer plants inactive. Hence, they will need less water to thrive.  

Light and Temperature

Image: Unsplash

Prayer plants tend to thrive better with indirect sunlight. In general, they can grow even when in poorly light areas as long as there is good airflow there. What’s more, they can die if you expose them to direct sunlight. 

Soil

You can use all-purpose indoor potting soil to grow prayer plants, as long as it has good drainage. In case your soil doesn’t provide good drainage, you can add coarse sand or perlite to the soil mix. 

Here are some things you’ll need to mix the soil for your prayer plants:

  • Garden soil
  • Coarse sand or perlite
  • Coir or peat moss
  • A little bit of lime dust

You can add gravel or rocks to the container’s bottom to enhance drainage. And, of course, make sure it has drainage holes to avoid waterlogging.

Fertilizer

You will need to feed your prayer plants every two weeks during the growing seasons from spring to fall. It is recommended to use high-quality water-soluble eggplant feed. Furthermore, during cold weather, less fertilizer should be applied because conditions are not conducive to the growth of prayer plants.

Repotting

There is no need to frequently repot or replant your prayer plants. Nevertheless, once they take root in a pot, they will grow very slowly.

If you choose to repot your prayer plants, it’s recommended to go for the one that’s around 1-2 inches wider than the current pot. All you need to do is take it off from the existing pot and place it in a new pot with a slightly added soil mixture. What’s more, remember to water well so that your prayer plants will grow fast. 

Pruning​

In case you want your prayer plants to grow more strongly, you can prune them. You just need to use your garden scissors and cut the prayer plant stems just above a leaf node. Make sure you sterilize your scissors before clipping. 

Your prayer plants will then react by producing new buds just below the cut region, creating denser and bushier prayer plants. 

Propagation

Once you care for your prayer plants, they will become really easy to propagate. Simply dip the cut in a rooting stimulant solution and put it in a cup of water. In addition, don’t forget to change the cut around every two days or twice a week.

Besides, you can put the cut directly into the potting soil. But the important thing to keep in mind is to maintain the soil moist and spray them once in a while.

You might also love: How To Grow Basil From Seed Indoors: Easy Steps for Beginners

Common Problems For Prayer Plants

so, now you know how to care for a prayer plant indoors. However, during the growth of a prayer plant, it can encounter some diseases, and here are some common issues for prayer plants and how to solve them. 

Growing Issues

When you notice the tip of your prayer plants’ leaves start to curl up or turn brown, that might be the sign of excess light. In addition, chlorine in tap water can also be a common cause of brown leaves. If yes, you should use filtered water instead of tap water. Or you can also leave tap water for around 24 hours before watering your prayer plants.

Diseases

If you see water spots on your prayer plant’s leaves, it might be a sign of leaf spot disease. Your prayer plants might be destroyed by this disease if you don’t control it. And the simplest way to deal with it is to avoid over-watering your prayer plant, and stop getting the leaves too damp. In case you notice an outbreak, neem oil can be an effective way to solve it.

Pests

In fact, almost all popular indoor pests can cause unhealthy prayer plants, but the most common ones might be spider mites. Moreover, you should note that prayer plants love high moisture, while spiders hate it! So you can prevent them from infesting your plants by keeping them highly humid.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here you will find several commonly asked questions about how to care for a prayer plant indoors. 

Why are the leaves on my prayer plant turning brown?

There are different reasons for the brown leaves of prayer plants, such as too much sun, wrong watering, low moisture, or excess fertilizer. Rememebr to check if you do anything wrong and fix it.  

How often should I water my prayer plant?

Since prayer plants don’t grow well if they are dry, you will need to water them when you notice there are just one or two inches of the soil dries out. During hot weather or summer, they should be watered every 3-5days, depending on different factors, such as moisture, temperature, and light in your area. 

How to make my prayer plant bushier?

If you want to make your prayer plants thrive more, pruning is a great way to encourage their growth. Cut branches just above a leaf node using sterilized garden shears. Your prayer plants will produce new sprouts just under the cut region, making them look bushier.

Why do my prayer plants’ leaves curl up?

That might be a sign of excess light during the day. You can try to put them in another spot with less light, and check the root area for moderate moisture in the soil.

When should I repot my prayer plants?

If you see your prayer plants’ roots growing out of the drainage holes, that’s when you should repot them. When the plants are inactive in cold weather, you should let the soil dry a little bit between waterings. 

Why aren’t my prayer plants closing?

If you put your prayer plants near a lamp or other light sources during the nighttime, it might not be dark enough for them to close. So, you can consider moving them into a new place away from the light.

Conclusion 

While prayer plants may not be the most carefree houseplants, with their wonderful leaf patterns and daily lifting and lowering of leaves, they are among the most interesting plants to grow indoors. Some important things to remember are to provide them with well-draining soil, added moisture but not waterlogged, and under indirect light. That’s all you need to know about how to care for a prayer plant indoors. 

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The renowned Philosopher and Scholar: Aristotle

Early life of Aristotle

Aristotle was known to be the most influential philosopher ever. He was born in the Ancient Greece around 385 BC. After a few years, Aristotle was just thirteen or fourteen years old when his parents died and while he turned seventeen, he left for Athens where he started to work with Plato and taught by him. For almost a few years he lived in Athen until the death of his teacher Plato, the responsibilities of the academy of Plato were later given to his nephew and Aristotle didn’t like his teaching methods, so he left Athens. Later he taught Alexender the Great for almost 3 to 4 years. After that he came back to Athens and lived his life as a philosopher, writer, and teacher. We wrote a number of books where he covered various topics like metaphysics, physics, zoology, politics, botany, generations of animals, poetry, rhetoric, psychology, government and a few more to be named. His various studies and research are set against the backdrop of his emphasis on excellent reasoning because his natural philosophy was solely based on reasoning and observation to establish broad, casual assertions. For example, Aristotle utilizes the notion of species to make factual statements about the activities of different creatures in the world in his biology.

The discoveries of Aristotle

Aristotle was always curious to know about whatever happened in his surroundings. How a tree can stand so tall, how an egg can carry a chick inside how a person can stay happy etc. In one of his books, he has described the difference between a happy and successful and unhappy and unsuccessful person. According to Aristotle, the former person has some attributes which makes him different from the latter therefore, if an unsuccessful and unhappy person develops the similar attributes, he too will become happy and successful in life. Many of the philosophies of Aristotle are now used as a reference in today’s world. Despite the fact that many of his findings were incorrect, his theories yet dominated the Western scientific though for many years. Not just Western scientist, but Muslim scientists also acknowledged the philosophy of Aristotle. Indeed, he was a remarkable man. 

Aristotle certain beliefs

With all the knowledge he pursued, it was never enough for him. He believed that only experience is the foundation of knowledge a man possesses. Observations were not enough but, the explanations generated with those observations were valid. To put it another way, Aristotle believed that hypothesis should always begin with facts as he always believed in reasoning. As we all know, this is the concept of the scientific process as well. Unlike other philosophers, Aristotle used scientific reasoning to give explanations for various things. For example, his best contribution to science was when he did an experiment to discover how a chick hatches from an egg. He did use scientific reasoning and not just philosophy to justify this discovery.

The death of Aristotle and his legacy

The last days of Aristotle’s life were very hard on him. Anti-Macedonian prejudice prompted against Aristotle after the death of Alexender the Great. He was charged with atheism; the similar charge was also put on Socrates (where he was sentenced to death) by a few people who did not like their work or philosophies. As a result, Aristotle then departed Athens and was later diagnosed with a stomach ailment. He died with that issue at the age of 63 and his will was to be buried next to his wife who had died before him a few years previously. Aristotle work might did not get the praise at that time, however, later he was known and acknowledge by many western scholars. He is regarded is the most phenomenal philosopher and thinker. He was influential because he gave rational and common-sense explanations for everyday events. These he articulated so authoritatively and eloquently that it was simpler for generations of followers to accept Aristotle than to put his ideas to the test.

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How To Grow Green Peppers From Fresh Seeds

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Growing green peppers from seeds can be a bit daunting for beginning gardeners, but it’s actually quite easy. In this article, I’ll show you steps on how to grow green peppers from fresh seeds. I also give you some tips so that your pepper plants will thrive. Let’s delve into it!

How to Grow Green Peppers From Fresh Seeds

I will give you a general guide to growing green peppers from fresh seeds, regardless of their kinds. Hence, you can follow these steps even when you don’t have green pepper seeds to grow. You can apply these instructions for most types of peppers. 

Different Types Of Pepper Seeds To Grow

One of my most favorite things when it comes to growing pepper is the incredible variety I can find and grow. Even though this post is about growing green peppers from fresh seeds, you can use any type of pepper seeds to plant. In fact, there are a lot of pepper types you can choose from, depending on your area and climate.

They range from the mild flavor of bell peppers, to the sweetness of bananas and chili peppers, to the moderate spiciness of chili peppers… to the super HOT cayennes, jalapeños, habanero or ghost peppers.

Recommended Methods Of Starting With Pepper Seeds

For those who don’t know, pepper seeds take quite a long time to mature enough to produce fruit. Besides, they need a relatively long growing season.

In addition, they take slightly longer to germinate (some varieties even take up to a month!). So, if you don’t live in warm weather, it’s best to start growing your green pepper seeds indoors before transplanting. 

When To Plant Green Pepper Seeds

One of the best ways to get a fruitful pepper crop is to sow the seeds indoors around 8-12 weeks before your average last frost date.

Depending on your region, the exact date to start sowing pepper seeds will vary. For example, my average last frost is between early and mid May. Hence, I will grow my pepper seeds indoors sometime at the beginning of March.

Planting Pepper Seeds

Another great factor that makes growing green peppers from fresh seeds so simple is that you don’t need anything specific or unique to prepare them for growing.

There is no need for moulding, soaking or cold stratification. All you need to do is put pepper seeds directly from the pack into the soil, and then they will thrive!

A quick word of warning here. If you want to sow fresh seeds from hot peppers, ensure that you wear gloves when delivering them. Otherwise, the capsicum oils might get on your hands, leading to irritation (or worse, it can get in your eyes).

You may also want to learn: How to grow green peppers in pots.

How To Grow Green Peppers From Fresh Seeds Step-By-Step

How to grow green peppers from fresh seeds step by step
Image: Unsplash

In order to grow green peppers from seeds, you don’t need to invest in too much expensive equipment. But here are some necessary items:

  1. Pepper seeds
  2. Seedling trays with covers
  3. Seed starting mix/oil or peat pellets
  4. Water 
  5. Gloves (if you grow seeds from hot peppers)
  6. Heat mat (optional)

Step 1: Fill the seedling flats– Fill the trays with seed-starting moist soil or pre-moisten peat pellets. Then put them in the seedling flats.

Step 2: Take the amount of seeds you want to plant. – If you are using new pepper seeds, then you can simply grow one seed per pellet. On the contrary, if they are old seeds or the survival rate is low, it’s better to grow 2-3 plots per pellet.

Step 3: Grow the pepper seeds – The general rule for seeding depth is twice as deep as the width of the seeds. It is recommended to grow your seeds around 1/4 ″ – 1/2 ″ deep.

To sow seeds, you can place them on top of the soil, then gently press down. You can also make the holes first, then drop them in those holes.

Step 4: Cover the pepper seeds with soil – Fill the holes, then delicately press down to ensure the pepper seeds are in contact with the soil. However, don’t compact the soil, just sofly push it down.

Step 5: Provide water – If the soil is not wet, you should water more. It is recommended to water from the bottom up so that the seeds are not disturbed.

Simply add water into the pellet until it is just above the drainage holes or about 1/4 the height of the trays. Empty excess unabsorbed water within 15 minutes.

Step 6: Cover the pellet – Put a clear plastic cover on top of the pellet to keep the soil warm and make sure it is always moist.

Step 7: Place the pellet in a warm space – If possible, you can place your pellet on a heat mat’s top. By doing this, you can speed up seed germination. If not, put it in as warm a spot as possible. You can also run a space heater nearby. This can help speed up germination if it is too cold.

How to Transplant Green Pepper Seedlings Into The Garden

When the weather warms up, you can come across a lot of ants to plant seedlings into the garden. But it is essential to transplant pepper plants at the right time and in the right way, or else all the effort you put into growing green peppers from fresh seed will be needlessly.

When To Transplant Pepper Seedlings

Peppers hate cold weather, and they can die if you move them into your garden too soon. Even if they can survive the cold, they can still be stunted because of it and might not produce good peppers. So, you should wait until the frost is gone and the soil warms up to transplant them into your garden.

Hardening Pepper Seedlings

You must first take care of your pepper seedlings to prepare them for life outdoors by hardening them. 

As they get used to living in a warm environment indoors, without rain or direct sunlight, you need to give them a little more resistance to life outside.

How To Space Pepper Seedlings

Most pepper plants are quite compact and do not require much space to grow. So plan on placing your pepper seedlings around 12-18 inches apart in your garden.

However, larger varieties may require a little more space. Nevertheless, they like to touch each other slightly after they get older, so don’t put them too far apart.

Depth

It is recommended to grow your pepper seedlings a little deeper than in a pellet. However, don’t go too deep, only about 1/4-1/2 ″ deeper than before is enough. 

At least you should grow them at the same depth, just to be sure that all the pepper roots are entirely buried.

Frequently Asked Questions

You will find some of the most commonly asked questions about how to grow green peppers from fresh seeds. You can leave your questions in the comment box if you don’t find yours here.

How many pepper seeds should I put per hole?

If you use fresh or new green pepper seeds, you can grow one in each hole. However, if your seeds are old, it’s better to plant 2-3 seeds per hole to increase viability rate.

How deep should I plant pepper seeds?

Generally speaking, you should grow pepper seeds twice as deep as they are wide. So sow them around 1/4 1/4 – 1/2″ deep.

What is the fastest way to sprout pepper seeds?

One of the best and fastest ways to germinate green pepper seeds is heat. They will germinate much faster if you add heat to the bottom and place them in a warm spot.

Can I plant seeds from a pepper?

Yes, you can. But make sure they are mature since small, young seeds from unripe pepper will not grow.

Do pepper seeds need light to germinate?

The answer is no. pepper seeds don’t need light to sprout. Nevertheless, the seedlings will start to grow tall as soon as they germinate, so make sure you turn on the lights immediately.

Conclusion 

How to grow green peppers from fresh seeds will become much easier once you get the hang of it. Hope this instruction makes it more simple and practical for you to grow your green peppers from seeds or any other types of peppers. 

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How To Grow Green Peppers In Pots: 10 Easy Steps

Planting green peppers in pots is a good way to have fresh peppers added to your daily meals. They are quite easy to grow, but there are some important things to keep in mind, typically if you are a beginning gardener. So in this article, I have covered the entire process of how to grow green peppers in pots. Follow it to grow a fresh pepper garden at home. 

How to Grow Green Peppers in Pots

In this part, I will give you easy and practical steps on how to grow green peppers in pots or containers at home. I also cover details in each step so that you can understand and apply them to your garden.

  1. Prepare pepper seeds and other supplies

It’s always best to get all the necessary things on the first day before growing green peppers in pots. You will need to buy pepper seeds, containers or pots, soil, fertilizer, and stakes. If you already have any of these at home, that’s great. 

  1. Sow pepper seeds indoors

You can completely sow your pepper seeds indoors. Just make sure to keep it moist and warm so the seeds can start to germinate. 

  1. Provide seeds light when it germinates

When growing green peppers indoors, you can use LED lights. However, you can take advantage of sunlight if you want to turn the lights off.

  1. Start fertilizing

You can add fertilizer to help your young pepper plants to grow faster. Green peppers can handle the full force after around 3 or 4 weeks of growth. Here are some suggested fertilizers you can use. 

  1. Transplant peppers into larger containers after 2-3 weeks
  2. Pluck early flower buds

When green peppers grow, they can start to flower while still being indoors. It’s better to trim early flowers until you put your peppers outdoors in their final growing position for 2-3 weeks. 

  1. Harden the pepper plants

Once the danger of frost is gone, and nocturnal temperatures are always above 55°F, you can start placing your green pepper plants outdoors. Just be sure to gradually adjust them to external factors starting 2-4 weeks before moving them out permanently.

  1. Water regularly 

Green peppers love to be watered evenly but never over-watered! Keep your peppers always moist, but never soak them. More importantly, always let the water drain away from the roots.

  1. Adjust nutrients when plants start producing peppers

When your green peppers start to bear fruit, they don’t need as many nutrients as initially to produce more peppers. So, you should adjust the number of nutrients for a fruitful crop. 

  1. Harvest peppers when they are ripe

You can harvest green peppers when they reach their mature size and ripen. Even when they are still green, you can pick them. 

6 Green Pepper Plant Care Tips

How to grow green peppers in pots and care for them
How to care for green peppers. Image: Unsplash

Gardening tips are always necessary for beginning gardeners. To properly care for your green bell pepper plants, you should follow these tips:

  1. Mulch well. This is because mulch can absorb the sunlight and keep the topsoil of your pepper pots warm. 
  2. Water thoroughly. While green bell peppers love warm weather, they won’t thrive in extreme heat, so gardeners in more heat-prone climates should water around twice a day if necessary.
  3. Provide peppers with sunlight. Green bell peppers require quite many sunlights to grow and ripen in an appropriate way. So, place your pepper pots in a sunny place.
  4. Use appropriate fertilizers. Fertilize with a low-nitrogen compound to help your green bell peppers grow without affecting fruit production.
  5. Pest inspection. Aphids and fleas are the two most popular garden pests that love green peppers. You can use organic pesticides to care for your pepper plants.

6. Consider companion plants. You can grow your green bell peppers with cucumbers, corn, and carrots, but they will not thrive near plants in the cabbage family or fennel.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about how to grow green peppers in pots.

How often should I water my green pepper plants in pots?

You can water the green pepper plants in pots at least one time per day when the temperature is above 18 °C or 65 °F. But when the temperature is above 80 °F, you should water them at least two times per day. 

Do green peppers grow well in containers or pots?

Yes, they do. And you can grow green peppers in any type of pot as long as it is wide enough and drains well. If your pots don’t have holes, you can drill some. Also, don’t forget to cover those drainage holes with a mesh to keep the soil clean and prevent pests.

How many peppers can I put in a 5-gallon pot?

Usually, you can grow one pepper plant in a 5-gallon bucket. However, if you have larger containers, you can completely grow 2-3 plants per pot, depending on the size of the bucket. Besides, it depends on different varieties of peppers since some are bigger in size than others.

How much space does a green pepper plant need?

Almost all varieties of pepper plants should be put 12-18 inches (30-46 cm) apart. Larger types can have a bit more space, but they usually don’t need space more than 18 inches.

How long does it take for green peppers to grow?

You can harvest almost all varieties of green peppers between 60 to 90 days after transplanting them outdoors.

How long does it take for green peppers to grow from seeds?

This all depends on the different types of pepper seeds. In general, green peppers need between 4 and 5 months to be ready to harvest if they are grown from seeds. Some varieties can take quicker or even longer.

Do I have to dry pepper seeds before planting?

It is not required to dry pepper before planting. In fact, peppers can be stored for 2 to 5 years, and when stored, they should be kept dry. However, you do not need to dry them to germinate immediately.

Conclusion

So there you go! I hope this guideline on how to grow green peppers in pots could help you. If you want to know more details about how to grow green peppers from seeds, you can read this article. 

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How To Fill A Raised Garden Bed Cheaply

For novice gardeners, how to fill a garden bed cheaply seems to be a challenging task. However, it is obvious that raised garden beds bring us a lot of benefits. For stance, you can easily control the soil type, the appearance of weeds and also keep the garden beds warm quickly in spring.

In fact, there are various ways to fill the soil in the raised garden that work very effectively. In this reading, you’ll find great ways on how to fill a raised garden bed on a budget while maintaining effectiveness. 

What’s Your Raised Garden Bed Used For?

Before you start filling your raised garden bed, decide its usage. This is because different plants have different root systems. Some plants have shallow roots while others have long roots. For example, drought-tolerant plants usually have long roots and vice versa. If you know the root depth of each pot, you can easily customize what to fill your raised garden bed. 

Calculate the Amount of Soil Needed

This is considered one of the most crucial steps towards filling your raised garden bed. Whether you are purchasing soil bags or digging soil from your yard, you must determine the amount of soil and organic materials needed for your garden bed. By doing this, you can know the estimated amount needed and the costs you’ll need to spend. Here is a simple formula for this.

Volume (cubic ft) = Length (ft) x Height (ft) x Width (ft). 

For example, if your raised garden bed measures 8x4x1 ft, then the volume should be 32 cubic feet. 

How to fill a raised garden bed with proper soil.
Image: Unsplash

Soil Source

With a tight budget, buying filler material bags might be difficult. Therefore, mixing the top layer of your garden soil with an adequate amount of compost is a good way to try. If you are still determined to invest in some, you need to be very careful not to be fooled into buying cheap stuff made from the ground. That won’t be good for your tree.

How to Fill a Raised Garden Bed With a Tight Budget

Here are four methods on how to fill a raised garden bed for those who don’t have too much money to invest in.

1. Core Gardening

This is considered one of the most simple ways to fill a raised garden bed cheaply. The main purpose is to create an internal sponge in the middle of your raised garden bed. The sponge’s responsibility is to hold water and absorb moisture evenly in both directions.

Filling Process:

Here are the details on how to fill a raised garden bed using the core gardening method.

  1. Fill your garden bed with organic matter
  2. Spread evenly to make sure it reaches around 4-5 inch thickness of packing material.
  3. Water it thoroughly, which will form a sponge-like center to provide your plants with during the season.
  4. Fill the rest of the raised bed with soil. You should also create a mound in the middle as it will settle down over time. Don’t be too picky! You can mix the topsoil and compost at the rate of 50/50, which is considered great for raised garden beds. You can also make your own compost to keep costs down, but this might take quite a long time.
  5. Add more nutrients and plants, typically if it is a new raised garden bed. Organic fertilizer will be very helpful.
  6. Cover with mulch and add compost on top of the soil. You should do this at least once per year so that you might not have to buy organic fertilizers in the future.

Maintenance

After one year, the organic matter may have turned into excellent compost for your garden. The core seems to have disappeared and the worms will dig through the garden naturally. So there is no need for plowing the garden.

Core gardening is one of the most effective ways on how to fill a raised garden bed
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2. Hugelkultur Raised Bed

Filing process

  1. Put old rotten wood and other debris around 10-12 inches in your raised garden bed.
  2. Fill in all excess gaps between big logs with wood chips, scraps, bush decorations, large leafy logs, and more. This saves a lot when it comes to filling a raised garden bed.
  3. Water thoroughly because these organic materials will be the main source of water for the whole season.
  4. Fill soil in the empty space. With a tight budget, it’s better to use pre-excavated materials initially rather than to buy more. You can mix the topsoil with several bags of compost. This is considered a good way on how to fill a raised garden bed.

3. Ruth Stout Garden Bed

Filing process

  1. Directly add a few inches of compost or manure on top of the soil without eliminating weeds or grass.
  2. If you plan to grow potatoes, simply place the seed potato in the manure or composite layer.
  3. Spread the hay over the potatoes 8-12 inches high and deep.
  4. You can water this garden bed or not and just wait to harvest your potatoes.

4. Eden Raised Garden Bed

Filing Process

  1. Start by coating some organic matter on the cardboard. 
  2. Mix topsoil and compost at the ratio of 50/50, and fill your raised garden bed with that mixture about 6 inches high.
  3. Cover it with mulch by spreading wood chips on the topsoil. You can put as much as you want, but generally, 4 inches is ideal.
  4. Add a few or more organic fertilizers for the first few crops. The wood chips will rot then create good soil for your plants over time.

Pro tips: Adding a few worms if possible for each method above because they can help enhance drainage, moisture retention, and oxygen flow to your plants’ root system. They also provide your plants with more nutrients by breaking down the organic matter in them faster.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How to fill a raised garden bed with a tight budget will not be a difficult task anymore. But here are some frequently asked questions about this topic that you can refer to apply to your garden bed.

What should I fill my raised garden bed with?

Here are some things you can put into your raised garden bed:
1. Organic matter, such as twigs, wood stumps, sticks. 
2. Rocks or gravels for added drainage.
3. Straw and grass clippings
4. Sandy soil
5. Organic compost

How many bags of soil do I need for a 4×8 raised bed?

You will need 4 bags of soil for a 4×8 raised garden bed. Each bag will be 2 cubic feet. You should avoid using topsoil from your yard because it can harbor weeds and pests.

What vegetables grow best in raised garden beds?

Here are the top 5 best vegetables to grow in a raised garden bed: 
1. Onions 
2. Potatoes
3. Tomatoes 
4. Leafy greens
5. Root vegetables 

Can I put cardboard on the bottom of a raised garden bed?

Yes, you can completely put cardboard at the bottom of your raised garden bed, typically when you have a tight budget. Cardboard will ultimately break down over time. Nevertheless, as it’s thicker and tougher than newspaper, it will take longer to break down.

Should I put rocks in the bottom of my raised garden bed?

No, you should not put rocks at the bottom of a raised garden bed. This is because they can prevent water from draining. 

Should I line my raised garden bed with plastic?

Yes, you can. This method can help you prevent toxins from seeping into the soil. It’s advisable to use landscape fabric or cloth fabric for the lining. You should avoid any kind of non-porous plastic because it might hold too much water and weaken beneficial and destructive insects.

Conclusion 

Depending on the free resources you use, any of the four methods above on how to fill a raised garden bed will work effectively for you. Hope you find this reading helpful and don’t forget to ask any questions if you’re still confused somewhere.